What are some benefits of peer feedback?
Peer review in a basic writing class:
Generally, peer feedback in a basic writing session consists of breaking the class into smaller groups, exchanging papers, responding, and returning to the author. Sometimes, discussion of more specifics follows the returning of the paper. Feedback in a basic writing class tends to be more big-picture, focused on the assignment in its entirety.
Instructor-led peer conferences (Ching)
students collaborate with teachers
collaborative dialogue between teachers and students offers opportunities for negotiating how that authority will work in the teacher/student relationship
Group leader in peer response groups (Grobman)
(see What are some alternative forms of feedback?)
Feedback questions for students for a critical discussion (McMahon 278)
- Ask for clarification
- Challenge interpretations of quoted authors
- Offer alternative interpretations of authors
- Quote alternative authorities to encourage other conclusions for presenter
Provide a rubric as an aid for students to work from and provide specific feedback to one another.
- Students develop objectivity in relation to standards which can then be transferred through their own work by commenting on the work of peers (N.F. Lieu and D. Carless 281).
- Students are actively engaging in and understanding the evolving understandings of subject matter (N.F. Lieu and D. Carless 281).
- Feedback from peers is received more quickly and in more abundance
- Writing is extended from the private into the public domain, learning to write in a way for the public to understand (N.F. Lieu and D. Carless 281).
- Students understand each other better, they’re on the same wavelength (Dochy et al.)
- Some combination of peer and teacher feedback is most effective (Dochy et al.)
- Reduces frequency of errors (Effects 92)
- Train students to apply language learning strategies (Assessing 275)
- Having to give feedback to peers prompts more critical reflection on preparedness and presentation of own paper (McMahon 281)
- Gives new perspective on own work (McMahon 281)
Trained peer feedback (Effects 92)
- More successful because in a collaboration setting→ more aware of errors
- Reduced rule-based language errors when compared to self editing
Feedback and Basic Writing: Annotated Bibliography